In exchange for nuclear disarmament of Ukraine (voluntary destruction of more than 2,000 strategic nuclear warheads that Ukraine inherited from the Soviet Union and Ukraine's accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons as a non-nuclear state) and under the Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with Ukraine's accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (hereinafter - Budapest Memorandum) of 1994 Ukraine received guarantees its safety.
In the Budapest Memorandum Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States reaffirmed their commitments to respect independence, sovereignty and the existing borders of Ukraine according to the principles of the CSCE Final Act.
Also Guarantor States reaffirmed their commitment to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine.
Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States also reaffirmed their commitment to Ukraine to refrain from economic coercion designed to subordinate to their own interest the exercise by Ukraine of the rights inherent in its sovereignty and thus to secure advantages of any kind.
The Guarantor States also committed themselves to consult in the event if a situation arises which raises a question concerning these obligations.
In this regard, the Parliament of Ukraine is concerned about recent developments in Crimea, including information about possible external interference that would be a direct violation of obligations under the Budapest Memorandum.
After the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (ARC), February 26, 2014 refused to consider the separatist initiatives, on 27 February 2014 armed terrorist group, which operates under the banner of the Russian Federation captured the Crimean Verkhovna Rada and the Cabinet of Ministers of ARC. On February 28, 2014 the attempts by unknown armed fighters to seizure the Simferopol airport as well as the Sevastopol “Belbek” airport in Crimea took place.
In addition, Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is concerned about the large scale military exercises and redeployment of forces conducted in these days by the Russian Federation in the Russian regions bordering Ukraine.
Also, numerous instances of movement of military equipment of the Russian Black Sea Fleet in Ukraine which haven’t been agreed with the Ukrainian side took place in the recent days.
At the same time, numerous actions of the Russian Federation, particularly the creation of artificial barriers in bilateral trade with Ukraine should be qualified as a violation of paragraph 3 of the Budapest Memorandum under which the Guarantor States pledged to refrain from economic coercion designed to subordinate to their own interest the exercise by Ukraine of the rights inherent in its sovereignty.
In connection with these actions, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine:
Appeals to the UN Security Council with the proposal to convene a meeting to consider the above mentioned problems in the context of the application of the Security Council Statement of 20 July 1993.